Although many believe that the use of medicinal plants that have folklore reputations for antimalarial properties is relatively safe, many herbs may be potentially toxic due to their intrinsic adverse side effects. Therefore, herbal-derived remedies require powerful and deep assessment of their pharmacological qualities to establish their mode of action, safety, quality, and efficacy.
In central China, Plasmodium vivax accounts for all of the native reported cases of malaria. Chloroquine (CQ) plus primaquine (PQ) have been used for more than 60 years as the frontline drugs, but the risk of treatment failure remains unknown.
This study compares the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes in a malaria-endemic municipality (MAL) and a malaria-free municipality (FREE) in an area of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil.
Here we discuss recent work that has advanced our knowledge of rhoptry protein trafficking and function, and highlight areas of research that require further investigation.
We integrate recent findings on the effect of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) on B cells and the association of parasite exposure with altered B cell proportions, such as the expansion of atypical memory B cells.
We explore the role of iron as a possible cofactor in this association. Malarial disease, among others, is associated with enhanced erythrophagocytosis and inflammation, which increases the iron content of macrophages and thereby also the survival of Salmonella spp. within macrophages.
Based on recent evidence supporting a role for the complement system in regulating neurodevelopment, and mediating neuroinflammation and neurodegenerative diseases, we hypothesize that excessive complement activation induced by placental malaria may disrupt normal neurodevelopment resulting in neurocognitive impairment of infants exposed to malaria in utero.
The result showed the low genetic diversity of Iranian PfAMA1 with 11 PfAMA1 haplotypes in which nine out of 11 haplotypes are novel and have been reported for the first time. The Iranian P. falciparum population indicated a moderate level of genetic differentiation.
These data revealed that IL-4 and IL-10 maternal gene polymorphisms are likely to play a role in the regulation of biological parameters in pregnant women at delivery (anaemia, P. falciparum placenta infection) and in newborns (anaemia).
Anthracene-polyamine conjugates inhibit the in vitro proliferation of the intraerythrocytic human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) in the nM to μM range.