Based on these findings, results from household surveys should continue to be used for ascertaining the coverage of children with a fever in the past 2 wk that received an ACT.
Sampling malaria vectors and measuring their biting density is of paramount importance for entomological surveys of malaria transmission.
Most measurements of malaria are based on cross-sectional data and do not reflect the dynamic nature of transmission, particularly when interventions require timely data for planning strategies.
The results illustrate that existing private sector networks can efficiently control malaria in remote rural regions.
Measurement of malaria burden is fraught with complexity, due to the natural history of the disease, delays in seeking treatment or failure of case management.
This manuscript reports on the strategies, achievements and challenges of the past and contemporary malaria vector control efforts in Zambia.
The results presented in this paper suggest potentially large developmental consequences of early childhood exposure to malaria.
RDT introduction led to a large decline in reported malaria cases and in ACT consumption in Livingstone district.
ITN use increased dramatically in the district between 2008 and 2010.
Data on RDT use, drug consumption, and diagnostic results were collected in three Zambian health districts to determine the impact RDTs had on malaria case management over the period 2004–2009.