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Prevention

Household knowledge, perceptions and practices of mosquito larval source management for malaria prevention and control in Mwanza district, Malawi: a cross‐sectional study

March 18, 2021 - 09:23 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mphatso Kamndaya, Dumisani Mfipa and Kingsley Lungu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:150, 17 March 2021

Mosquito larval source management (LSM) is a key outdoor malaria vector control strategy in rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of this strategy is important for optimal design and implementation of effective malaria control interventions in this region. This study assessed household knowledge, perceptions and practices of mosquito LSM methods (draining stagnant water, larviciding, clearing grass/bushes and clean environment).

A comparative analysis of the outcome of malaria case surveillance strategies in Sri Lanka in the prevention of re‐establishment phase

February 10, 2021 - 10:09 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
W. M. Kumudunayana T. de A. W. Gunasekera, Risintha Premaratne, Deepika Fernando, Muzrif Munaz, M. G. Y. Piyasena, Devika Perera, Rajitha Wickremasinghe, K. D. N. Prasad Ranaweera and Kamini Mendis
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:80, 9 February 2021

Sri Lanka sustained its malaria-free status by implementing, among other interventions, three core case detection strategies namely Passive Case Detection (PCD), Reactive Case Detection (RACD) and Proactive Case Detection (PACD). The outcomes of these strategies were analysed in terms of their effectiveness in detecting malaria infections for the period from 2017 to 2019.

Textile testing to assess the resistance to damage of long-lasting insecticidal nets for malaria control and prevention

January 20, 2021 - 08:35 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Amy Wheldrake, Estelle Guillemois, Hamidreza Arouni, Vera Chetty and Stephen J. Russell
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:47, 19 January 2021

LLINs are susceptible to forming holes within a short time in use, compromising their ability to provide long-term physical protection against insect-borne vectors of disease. Mechanical damage is known to be responsible for the majority of holes, with most being the result of snagging, tearing, hole enlargement, abrasion and seam failure, which can readily occur during normal household use. To enable an assessment of the ability of LLINs to resist such damage prior to distribution, a new suite of testing methods was developed to reflect the main damage mechanisms encountered during normal use of LLINs.

Prevention of re-establishment of malaria: historical perspective and future prospects

December 8, 2020 - 10:50 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
S. M. Ibraheem Nasir, Sachini Amarasekara, Renu Wickremasinghe, Deepika Fernando and Preethi Udagama
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:452, 7 December 2020

Prevention of re-establishment (POR) refers to the prevention of malaria outbreak/epidemic occurrence or preventing re-establishment of indigenous malaria in a malaria-free country. Understanding the effectiveness of the various strategies used for POR is, therefore, of vital importance to countries certified as “malaria-free” or to the countries to be thus certified in the near future.

A small window into the status of malaria in North Korea: estimation of imported malaria incidence of the visitors

November 25, 2020 - 12:13 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sung J, Cheong HK, Lim AY, Kim JH
Reference: 
Epidemiol Health. 2020 Nov 21:e2020068

This study aimed to hypothesize on the trend in malaria incidence in North Korea using malaria incidence among South Korean visitors to North Korea.

Malaria in children and women of childbearing age: infection prevalence, knowledge and use of malaria prevention tools in the province of Nyanga, Gabon

November 4, 2020 - 10:00 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Roméo Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Sydney Maghendji-Nzondo, Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:387, 2 November 2020

There is little information on the social perception of malaria and the use of preventative measures in Gabon, especially in rural areas. Adequate knowledge of malaria prevention and control can help in reducing the burden of malaria among vulnerable groups, particularly pregnant women and children under 5 years old living in malaria-endemic settings. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of malaria and the knowledge and attitude towards this disease in households in Nyanga Province.

Parents' perception on cause of malaria and their malaria prevention experience among school-aged children in Kutcha district, Southern Ethiopia; qualitative study

October 14, 2020 - 12:37 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Zerdo Z, Van Geertruyden JP, Massebo F, Biresaw G, Shewangizawu M, Tunje A, Chisha Y, Yohanes T, Bastiaens H, Anthierens S
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2020 Oct 13;15(10):e0239728

School-aged children become a highly vulnerable group for malaria, yet they are less likely to use malaria prevention interventions. Previous studies exploring perception on cause of malaria mainly focused on pregnant mothers or parents of children under age five years. Exploring parent’s perception on cause of malaria and their experiences on the prevention of malaria and associated challenges among school-aged children is important to develop a malaria prevention education package for school-aged children to reduce malaria and malaria related morbidities among school-aged children.

Nanobiotechnological modules as molecular target tracker for the treatment and prevention of malaria: options and opportunity

May 19, 2020 - 14:12 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Anamika J, Nikhar V, Laxmikant G, Priya S, Sonal V, Vyas SP
Reference: 
Drug Deliv Transl Res. 2020 May 7

Malaria is one of the major infectious diseases that remains a constant challenge to human being mainly due to the emergence of drug-resistant strains of parasite and also the availability of drugs, which are non-specific for their pharmacodynamic activity and known to be associated with multiple side effects. The disease has acquired endemic proportions in tropical countries where the hygienic conditions are not satisfactory while the environmental conditions favor the proliferation of parasite and its transmission, particularly through the female anopheles.

“We have this, with my husband, we live in harmony”: exploring the gendered decision-making matrix for malaria prevention and treatment in Nampula Province, Mozambique

March 31, 2020 - 15:59 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Maria Escorcio-Ymayo, Rose Zulliger, Rosario Arias de Aramburú, Nan Lewicky, Hunter Harig, Jose Braz Chidassicua, Carol Underwood, Liliana Pinto and Maria Elena Figueroa
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:133, 30 March 2020

Conceptualizing gender dynamics and ways of bridging entrenched gender roles will contribute to better health promotion, policy and planning. Such processes are explored in relation to malaria in Mozambique.

Validity and reliability of a Hausa language questionnaire assessing information, motivation and Behavioural skills for malaria prevention during pregnancy

March 25, 2020 - 14:51 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Balami AD, Said SM, Zulkefli NM, Bachok N, Audu BM
Reference: 
BMC Public Health. 2020 Mar 24;20(1):384

Many studies on malaria knowledge, attitude and practice among pregnant women have been conducted in Hausa speaking communities in Nigeria. Despite this, no standard and uniform instrument for assessing this important public health problem has been developed in the Hausa language, even though it is widely spoken. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire in Hausa language assessing information, motivation, and behavioural skills for malaria prevention during pregnancy.

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