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Older children are at increased risk of Plasmodium vivax in south-central Ethiopia: a cohort study

June 9, 2021 - 07:44 -- Open Access
Taye Gari, Tarekegn Solomon and Bernt Lindtjørn
Malaria Journal 2021 20:251, 6 June 2021

Better understanding of the distribution of Plasmodium vivax and its risk factors could be used to prevent and control malaria infection. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterize the distribution and risk factors of P. vivax, and to compare them with Plasmodium falciparum occurrence in south-central Ethiopia.

Malaria prevention and treatment in migrant agricultural workers in Dangur district, Benishangul-Gumuz, Ethiopia: social and behavioural aspects

May 19, 2021 - 15:32 -- Open Access
Yehualashet Tadesse, Seth R. Irish, Matthew Murphy, et al.
Malaria Journal 2021 20:224, 19 May 2021

Sixty percent of the Ethiopia population is at risk of malaria, with the highest prevalence reported in Gambella (6%) and Benishangul-Gumuz (3%) regions. Within these regions are large agricultural developments with high numbers of seasonal migrant workers. The migrant workers are believed to be at increased risk for malaria infection due to their poor living conditions and outdoor activities, but there is little information on their specific behaviours and health risks. This study was conducted to address this gap.

Malaria prevention practices and associated factors among households of Hawassa City Administration, Southern Ethiopia, 2020

May 19, 2021 - 14:04 -- Open Access
Fikrie A, Kayamo M, Bekele H
PLoS One. 2021 May 13;16(5):e0250981

Despite it is easily preventable; malaria is still remains to be a major public health problem in globally as well as in Ethiopia. The disease can be easily prevented through individual and societal combined efforts by keeping the environment safe, effective utilization of long lasting Insecticide Nets and early treatment. However, the factors for poor knowledge and practices of malaria prevention is not well studied in Ethiopia; particularly, in the study area. Hence, this study aimed to provide concrete evidence towards malaria prevention practices and associated factors among Households of Hawassa City Administration, Southern Ethiopia, 2020.

Predicting distribution of malaria vector larval habitats in Ethiopia by integrating distributed hydrologic modeling with remotely sensed data

May 19, 2021 - 13:48 -- Open Access
Jiang AL, Lee MC, Zhou G, Zhong D, Hawaria D, Kibret S, Yewhalaw D, Sanders BF, Yan G, Hsu K
Sci Rep. 2021 May 12;11(1):10150

Larval source management has gained renewed interest as a malaria control strategy in Africa but the widespread and transient nature of larval breeding sites poses a challenge to its implementation. To address this problem, we propose combining an integrated high resolution (50 m) distributed hydrological model and remotely sensed data to simulate potential malaria vector aquatic habitats.

Efficacy and safety of artemether–lumefantrine for treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

May 12, 2021 - 10:08 -- Open Access
Abdulhakim Abamecha, Daniel Yilma, Wondimagegn Adissu, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Alemseged Abdissa
Malaria Journal 2021 20:213, 6 May 2021

Regular monitoring of anti-malarial drug efficacy is vital for establishing rational malaria treatment guidelines and ensuring adequate treatment outcomes. This study aimed to synthesize the available evidence on the efficacy of artemether–lumefantrine for the management of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Ethiopia.

Entomological and Anthropological Factors Contributing to Persistent Malaria Transmission in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Cameroon

April 29, 2021 - 08:23 -- Open Access
Bamou R, Rono M, Mwangangi J, et al.
J Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 27;223(Supplement_2):S155-S170

In order to improve our understanding of the fundamental limits of core interventions and guide efforts based on prioritization and identification of effective/novel interventions with great potentials to interrupt persistent malaria transmission in the context of high vector control coverage, the drivers of persistent disease transmission were investigated in three eco-epidemiological settings; forested areas in Cameroon, coastal area in Kenya and highland areas in Ethiopia.

Comparing malaria early detection methods in a declining transmission setting in northwestern Ethiopia

April 28, 2021 - 14:16 -- Open Access
Nekorchuk DM, Gebrehiwot T, Lake M, Awoke W, Mihretie A, Wimberly MC
BMC Public Health. 2021 Apr 24;21(1):788

Despite remarkable progress in the reduction of malaria incidence, this disease remains a public health threat to a significant portion of the world’s population. Surveillance, combined with early detection algorithms, can be an effective intervention strategy to inform timely public health responses to potential outbreaks. Our main objective was to compare the potential for detecting malaria outbreaks by selected event detection methods.

An evaluation of repellency and feeding inhibition of ethno-medicinal plants against major malaria vectors in southern Ethiopia

April 14, 2021 - 16:37 -- Open Access
Olbamo T, Esayas E, Gebre T, Massebo F
Parasit Vectors. 2021 Apr 7;14(1):190

Plant-based mosquito control methods may use as a supplementary malaria vector control strategy. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of smoking ethno-medicinal plants on indoor density and feeding activity of malaria vectors at early hours of the night and its residual effect after midnight in southern Ethiopia.

Evaluation of the performance of health extension workers on malaria rapid diagnostic tests and predictor factors in Bahir Dar Zuria district, northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study

April 13, 2021 - 13:17 -- Open Access
Dejazmach Z, Alemu G, Yimer M, Muluneh C, Tegegne B
PLoS One. 2021 Apr 8;16(4):e0249708

In Ethiopia, anti-malaria treatment is initiated after parasitological confirmation using blood film microscopy at health centers and hospitals, or serological rapid diagnostic tests at health posts. At health posts, the diagnosis is performed by health extension workers using rapid diagnostic tests after little training. However, there is paucity of data about the health extension workers’ performance on rapid diagnostic tests. Hence, periodic monitoring of the performances of health extension workers on malaria rapid diagnostic tests and predicted factors plays a pivotal role for the control of malaria.

NOT Open Access | Species Composition, Parous Rate, and Infection Rate of Anopheles Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Bahir Dar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia

April 7, 2021 - 12:12 -- NOT Open Access
Getaneh A, Yimer M, Alemu M, Dejazmach Z, Alehegn M, Tegegne B
J Med Entomol. 2021 Apr 3:tjab034

Anopheles mosquitoes are the main vectors of malaria. There is little information on the current entomological aspects of Anopheles mosquitoes in Amhara region of northwestern Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevailing species composition, parous rate, and infection rate of Anopheles mosquitoes in the Bahir Dar city administration.


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