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Zambia

A qualitative review of implementer perceptions of the national community-level malaria surveillance system in Southern Province, Zambia

August 9, 2016 - 08:14 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Lynne Lohfeld, Tokozile Kangombe-Ngwenya, Anna M. Winters, Zunda Chisha, Busiku Hamainza, Mulakwa Kamuliwo, John M. Miller, Matthew Burns and Daniel J. Bridges
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:400, 8 August 2016

This review highlights the importance of a community surveillance system like RCD in shaping Zambia’s malaria elimination campaign by identifying community-based infections that might otherwise remain undetected.

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Operational strategies of anti-malarial drug campaigns for malaria elimination in Zambia’s southern province: a simulation study

March 15, 2016 - 17:40 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Erin M. Stuckey, John M. Miller, Megan Littrell, Nakul Chitnis and Rick Steketee
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:148, 9 March 2016

The optimal implementation strategy for MTAT or MDA will vary by background level of prevalence, by rate of infections imported to the area, and by ability to operationally achieve high population coverage.

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Community point distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets and community health worker hang-up visits in rural Zambia: a decision-focused evaluation

March 9, 2016 - 09:45 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Paul Wang, Alison L. Connor, Busiku Hamainza, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:140, 3 March 2016

This evaluation revealed that (1) the community point distributions achieved high attendance rates followed by acceptable rates of short-term and medium-term ITN retention and usage, as compared to reported rates achieved by door-to-door distributions in the recent past, (2) CHW hang-up visits had a modest short-term impact on ITN usage but no medium-term effect, and (3) community point distributions can yield sizeable time savings compared to door-to-door distributions.

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Targeting indoor residual spraying for malaria using epidemiological data: a case study of the Zambia experience

January 12, 2016 - 16:54 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Jessie Pinchoff, David Larsen, Anna Winters, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016, 15:11 (6 January 2016)

This case study focuses on the developed methodology while also highlighting the significant research gaps which must be filled to guide countries on the most effective strategy for IRS targeting in the context of universal LLIN coverage and evolving insecticide resistance.

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Malaria surveillance in low-transmission areas of Zambia using reactive case detection

November 24, 2015 - 15:21 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
David Larsen, Zunda Chisha, Anna Winters, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:465 (19 November 2015)

The RCD system in Zambia is one example of a malaria elimination surveillance system which has increased access to health care within rural communities while leveraging community members to build malaria surveillance capacity.

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High burden of malaria infection in pregnant women in a rural district of Zambia: a cross-sectional study

October 5, 2015 - 16:33 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Enesia Chaponda, Daniel Chandramohan, Charles Michelo, Sungano Mharakurwa, James Chipeta, R. Chico
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:380 (30 September 2015)

High burden of malaria detected by PCR in these pregnant women suggests that past prevention efforts have had limited effect.

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Spatial patterns of incident malaria cases and their household contacts in a single clinic catchment area of Chongwe District, Zambia

August 8, 2015 - 10:44 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Jessie Pinchoff, German Henostroza, Bryan S Carter, Sarah T Roberts, Sisa Hatwiinda, Busiku Hamainza, Moonga Hawela, Frank C Curriero
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:305 (7 August 2015)

Areas of increased report of malaria persist after controlling for distance to the clinic and main road. Clinic-based interventions will miss asymptomatic, non-care seeking infections located farther from the road. RACD may identify additional infections missed at the clinic.

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Enhanced surveillance and data feedback loop associated with improved malaria data in Lusaka, Zambia

June 2, 2015 - 06:56 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Zunda Chisha, David Larsen, Anna Winters, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:222 (29 May 2015)

Enhanced surveillance and implementation of a data feedback loop have substantially increased malaria testing rates and decreased the number of unconfirmed malaria cases and courses of ACT consumed in Lusaka District within just two years.

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Costs and cost-effectiveness of a large-scale mass testing and treatment intervention for malaria in Southern Province, Zambia

May 22, 2015 - 13:02 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kafula Silumbe, Joshua O Yukich, Busiku Hamainza, Adam Bennett, Duncan Earle, Mulakwa Kamuliwo, Richard W Steketee, Thomas P Eisele, John M Miller
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:211 (20 May 2015)

The intervention appears to be highly cost-effective relative to World Health Organization thresholds for malaria burden reduction in Zambia as compared to no MTAT

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High prevalence of dhfr and dhps molecular markers in Plasmodium falciparum in pregnant women of Nchelenge district, Northern Zambia

May 11, 2015 - 06:48 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Mwiche Siame, Sungano Mharakurwa, James Chipeta, Philip Thuma, Charles Michelo
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:190 (6 May 2015)

This study showed a high number of mutations in the dhfr and dhps genes.

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