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Zambia

Patterns of mixed Plasmodium species infections among children six years and under in selected malaria hyper-endemic communities of Zambia: population-based survey observations

May 5, 2015 - 15:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lungowe Sitali, James Chipeta, John M Miller, Hawela B Moonga, Nirbhay Kumar, William J Moss and Charles Michelo
Reference: 
BMC Infectious Diseases 2015, 15:204

The observed less incidence of mixed infections in children under two years of age compared to their older two-to-five-year-old counterparts is probably due to the protective maternal passive immunity, among other factors, in that age group.

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A qualitative study of perceptions of a mass test and treat campaign in Southern Zambia and potential barriers to effectiveness

April 24, 2015 - 07:10 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kafula Silumbe, Elizabeth Chiyende, Adam Bennett, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:171 (21 April 2015)

These findings highlight the importance of increased community sensitization as part of mass treatment campaigns for improving campaign coverage and acceptance

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Medical Treatment: 

Evaluation of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy: a retrospective birth outcomes study in Mansa, Zambia

March 10, 2015 - 13:43 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kimberly E Mace, Victor Chalwe, Kathrine R Tan, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:69 (7 February 2015)

The effectiveness of SP-IPTp was evaluated in Zambia where a recent study showed moderate prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum parasites with genetic mutations that confer SP resistance.

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Comparison of a mobile phone-based malaria reporting system with source participant register data for capturing spatial and temporal trends in epidemiological indicators of malaria transmission collected by community health workers in rural Zambia

December 18, 2014 - 09:09 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Hamainza B, Killeen GF, Kamuliwo M, Bennett A, Yukich JO
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13 :489 (12 December 2014)

The SMS reports captured malaria transmission trends with adequate accuracy and could be used for population-wide, continuous, longitudinal monitoring of malaria transmission.

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Medical Treatment: 

Therapeutic efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine on treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum mono-infection in an area of high malaria transmission in Zambia

November 25, 2014 - 17:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Busiku Hamainza, Freddie Masaninga, Hawela Moonga, Mulenga Mwenda, Pascalina Chanda-kapata, Victor Chalwe, Emmanuel Chanda, Mulakwa Kamuliwo, Olusegun Ayorinde Babaniyi
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13:430 (17 November 2014)

This study assessed the therapeutic efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine (AL)(Coartem(R)) for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in two sentinel high malaria transmission districts in the Eastern Province of Zambia in persons aged six months and above, excluding women aged 12 to 18 years.

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Association between malaria control and paediatric blood transfusions in rural Zambia: an interrupted time-series analysis

October 28, 2014 - 05:45 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Alison B Comfort, Janneke H van Dijk, Philip E Thuma, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13:383 (26 September 2014)

Paediatric admissions for severe malarial anaemia largely explain total use of paediatric blood transfusions.

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Education attainment of head of households associated with insecticide-treated net utilization among five to nineteen-year old individuals: evidence from the malaria indicator survey 2010 in Zambia

September 30, 2014 - 19:23 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sichande M, Michelo C, Halwindi H, Miller J
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13 :378 (23 September 2014)

Data stem from the 2010 Malaria Indicator Survey, which covered the entire Zambia, was used in this study. Of the total number of five to 19-year olds (n = 7,429), only 65% (4, 810) met the inclusion criteria for this study.

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Comparing two approaches for estimating the causal effect of behaviour-change communication messages promoting insecticide-treated bed nets: an analysis of the 2010 Zambia malaria indicator survey

September 4, 2014 - 13:06 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Boulay M, Lynch M, Koenker H
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13 :342 (30 August 2014)

Over the past decade, efforts to increase the use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) have relied primarily on the routine distribution of bed nets to pregnant women attending antenatal services or on the mass distribution of bed nets to households.

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Remotely-sensed, nocturnal, dew point correlates with malaria transmission in Southern Province, Zambia: a time-series study

July 29, 2014 - 09:51 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Nygren D, Stoyanov C, Lewold C, Månsson F, Miller J, Kamanga A, Shiff CJ
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13 :231 (13 June 2014)

In this study, the fit of ARIMAX models improves when environmental variables are included.

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Ultrastructure of the lung in a murine model of malaria-associated acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome

June 16, 2014 - 16:02 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Aitken EH, Negri EM, Barboza R, Lima MR, Álvarez JM, Marinho CR, Caldini EG, Epiphanio S
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13 :230 (13 June 2014)

The mechanisms through which infection with Plasmodium spp. result in lung disease are largely unknown. Recently a number of mouse models have been developed to research malaria-associated lung injury but no detailed ultrastructure studies of the disease in its terminal stages in a murine model have yet been published.

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