We report here two methods to create gene fragments – random fragmentation by partial DNAse I digestion and generation of densely overlapping fragments by PCR – that enable most portions of P. falciparum genes to be expressed and screened in the yeast two-hybrid assay. The PCR-based method is less technically challenging and facilitates fine-scale mapping of protein interaction domains.
Considering that antigens included in a subunit malaria vaccine should be both accessible to the immune system and lack genetic diversity or have very limited polymorphism, we have analyzed the genetic diversity of three msp genes (msp-7A, msp-7K and msp-10) in different geographical regions of Colombia. The results showed that these genes follow the neutral model of evolution and also display low genetic diversity.
We show here that a third family member, IMC1h, has a distinct differential expression pattern and localizes to the pellicle of both ookinetes and sporozoites. Knock-out of IMC1h mimics the loss-of-function phenotypes of IMC1a and IMC1b in their respective life stages, indicating that IMC1 proteins could be operating co-dependently.
All the clinical symptoms of malaria result from the invasion of human erythrocytes by the parasite's merozoites.
Here, we have generated transfectant lines expressing GFP- or HA-Strep-tagged versions of these proteins, and used these to investigate both localization and other properties of these Hsp40 co-chaperones.
The polymorphism of Pvs25 and Pvs28 ookinete surface proteins, their association to circumsporozoite protein repeat (CSPr) genotypes (Vk210 and Vk247) and their infectivity to local Anopheles albimanus and Anopheles pseudopunctipennis were investigated in Plasmodium vivax-infected blood samples obtained from patients in Southern Mexico.