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NOT Open Access | Groove Switching of Hydroxychloroquine Modulates the Efficacy of Binding and Induced Stability to DNA

June 22, 2021 - 14:08 -- NOT Open Access
Sarkar S, Roy S, Singh PC
J Phys Chem B. 2021 Jun 17

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an important drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria. HCQ targets specifically to nucleic acids for its action. However, the mechanism of HCQ binding and the effect of its binding on the stability of DNA are elusive. In this study, the binding mechanism of HCQ and the effect of binding on stability of different sequences of DNA have been investigated using spectroscopic and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation techniques. HCQ binds with all of the sequences of DNA and stabilizes them.

MRE11 Is Crucial for Malaria Parasite Transmission and Its Absence Affects Expression of Interconnected Networks of Key Genes Essential for Life

December 9, 2020 - 07:27 -- Open Access
Guttery DS, Ramaprasad A, Ferguson DJP, Zeeshan M, Pandey R, Brady D, Holder AA, Pain A, Tewari R
Cells. 2020 Dec 3;9(12):E2590

The meiotic recombination 11 protein (MRE11) plays a key role in DNA damage response and maintenance of genome stability. However, little is known about its function during development of the malaria parasite Plasmodium.

Identification keys to the Anopheles mosquitoes of South America (Diptera: Culicidae). I. Introduction

November 19, 2020 - 13:53 -- Open Access
Sallum MAM, Obando RG, Carrejo N, Wilkerson RC
Parasit Vectors. 2020 Nov 18;13(1):583

The worldwide genus Anopheles Meigen, 1918 is the only genus containing species evolved as vectors of human and simian malaria. Morbidity and mortality caused by Plasmodium Marchiafava & Celli, 1885 is tremendous, which has made these parasites and their vectors the objects of intense research aimed at mosquito identification, malaria control and elimination. DNA tools make the identification of Anopheles species both easier and more difficult. Easier in that putative species can nearly always be separated based on DNA data; more difficult in that attaching a scientific name to a species is often problematic because morphological characters are often difficult to interpret or even see; and DNA technology might not be available and affordable. Added to this are the many species that are either not yet recognized or are similar to, or identical with, named species. The first step in solving Anopheles identification problem is to attach a morphology-based formal or informal name to a specimen. These names are hypotheses to be tested with further morphological observations and/or DNA evidence. The overarching objective is to be able to communicate about a given species under study. In South America, morphological identification which is the first step in the above process is often difficult because of lack of taxonomic expertise and/or inadequate identification keys, written for local fauna, containing the most consequential species, or obviously, do not include species described subsequent to key publication.

NOT Open Access | Inhibition of PfMYST HAT activity blocks Plasmodium falciparum growth and survival

October 14, 2020 - 12:29 -- NOT Open Access
Sen U, Nayak A, Khurana J, Sharma D, Gupta A
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2020 Oct 12:AAC.00953-20

One of the major barrier in the prevention & control of malaria programs worldwide is the growing emergence of multidrug-resistance in Plasmodium parasite and demands continued efforts to discover & develop effective drug molecules targeting novel proteins essential for parasite survival. In recent years, epigenetic regulators have evolved as an attractive drug target option owing to their crucial role in survival and development of Plasmodium at different stages of its life cycle.

The nuclear 18S ribosomal DNAs of avian haemosporidian parasites

September 10, 2019 - 15:36 -- Open Access
Josef Harl, Tanja Himmel, Gediminas Valkiūnas and Herbert Weissenböck
Malaria Journal 2019 18:305, 3 September 2019

Plasmodium species feature only four to eight nuclear ribosomal units on different chromosomes, which are assumed to evolve independently according to a birth-and-death model, in which new variants originate by duplication and others are deleted throughout time. Moreover, distinct ribosomal units were shown to be expressed during different developmental stages in the vertebrate and mosquito hosts. Here, the 18S rDNA sequences of 32 species of avian haemosporidian parasites are reported and compared to those of simian and rodent Plasmodium species.

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