In Benin, malaria vector control mostly relies on long-lasting, insecticidal-treated bed nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) operations. From 2011 to 2016, an IRS programme has been implemented in Atacora region. However, in 2017 the programme was withdrawn from two other regions in the northern part of the country, with hopes that gains would be relatively sustained because of the seasonality of malaria transmission. What would be the vulnerability of populations to malaria after the withdrawal of IRS?
indoor residual spraying
Vector control is a key component of malaria prevention. Two major vector control strategies have been implemented in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP), indoor residual spraying (IRS) and outdoor larval control using Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti). This study evaluated post-intervention effects of control strategies on vector population density, composition, and knockdown resistance mutation, and their implications for malaria epidemiology in STP.
This study delivers insight on how communities in Coastal Tanzania are likely to perceive ATSBs and provides important information for future trials investigating the efficacy of ATSBs against malaria.