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meta-analysis

Aetiology and outcome of non-traumatic coma in African children: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

November 3, 2021 - 20:22 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ray STJ, Fuller C, Boubour A, Bonnett LJ, Lalloo DG, Seydel KB, Griffiths MJ
Reference: 
Syst Rev. 2021 Oct 29;10(1):282

Non-traumatic coma is a common acute childhood presentation to healthcare facilities in Africa and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Historically, the majority of cases were attributed to cerebral malaria (CM). With the recent drastic reduction in malaria incidence, non-malarial coma is becoming a larger proportion of cases and determining the aetiology is diagnostically challenging, particularly in resource-limited settings. The purpose of this study will be to evaluate the aetiology and prognosis of non-traumatic coma in African children.

Comorbidity of Geo-Helminthes among Malaria Outpatients of the Health Facilities in Ethiopia: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

October 30, 2021 - 12:56 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Boltena MT, El-Khatib Z, Sahlemichael Kebede A, Asamoah BO, Tadesse Boltena A, Yeshambaw M, Biru M
Reference: 
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jan 20;18(3):862

Coinfection of malaria and intestinal helminths affects one third of the global population, largely among communities with severe poverty. The spread of these parasitic infections overlays in several epidemiological locations and the host shows different outcomes. This systematic review and meta-analysis determine the pooled prevalence of malaria and intestinal helminthiases coinfections among malaria suspected patients in Ethiopia.

NOT Open Access | The efficacy and safety of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine vs artemisinin-based drugs for malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis

October 23, 2021 - 20:08 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Chu X, Yan P, Zhang N, Chen N, Liu Y, Feng L, Li M, Zhang Z, Wang Q, Wang S, Yang K
Reference: 
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Oct 14:trab152

Malaria is one of the most serious global problems. The objective of this study is to assess whether intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) using artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) was a promising alternative to IPT with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPT-SP).

Assessing field performance of ultrasensitive rapid diagnostic tests for malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis

June 9, 2021 - 07:34 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Celestin Danwang, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou and Sekou Samadoulougou
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:245, 3 June 2021

To overcome the limitations of conventional malaria rapid diagnostic tests (cRDTs) in diagnosing malaria in patients with low parasitaemia, ultrasensitive malaria rapid diagnostic tests (uRDTs) have recently been developed, with promising results under laboratory conditions. The current study is the first meta-analysis comparing the overall sensitivity, and specificity of newly developed ultrasensitive Plasmodium falciparum malaria RDT (Alere™ Ultra-sensitive Malaria Ag P. falciparum RDT) with the cRDT conducted in the same field conditions.

Not Open Access | Safety of treatment with chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine: A ten-year systematic review and meta-analysis

June 1, 2021 - 12:41 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Edington FLB, Gadellha SR, Santiago MB
Reference: 
Eur J Intern Med. 2021 Jun;88:63-72

To estimate the incidence rate ratio (IRR) of adverse events (AE) in chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine users.

The high risk of malarial recurrence in patients with Plasmodium-mixed infection after treatment with antimalarial drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis

May 26, 2021 - 14:40 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mahittikorn A, Masangkay FR, Kotepui KU, Milanez GJ, Kotepui M
Reference: 
Parasit Vectors. 2021 May 25;14(1):280

Malaria mixed infections are often unrecognized by microscopists in the hospitals, and a delay or failure to treat Plasmodium-mixed infection may lead to aggravated morbidity and increased mortality. The present study aimed to quantify the pooled proportion and risk of malarial recurrences after the treatment of Plasmodium-mixed infection. The results of the study may provide benefits in the management of Plasmodium-mixed infection in co-endemic regions.

Efficacy and safety of artemisinin-based combination therapies for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in pediatrics: a systematic review and meta-analysis

April 14, 2021 - 16:50 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Shibeshi W, Alemkere G, Mulu A, Engidawork E
Reference: 
BMC Infect Dis. 2021 Apr 7;21(1):326

Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics in malaria endemic areas. Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are the drugs of choice for malaria management particularly across malaria-endemic countries. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess efficacy and safety of ACTs for uncomplicated malaria in pediatric populations.

What is the yield of malaria reactive case detection in the Greater Mekong Sub-region? A review of published data and meta-analysis

March 10, 2021 - 14:45 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jacqueline Deen, Mavuto Mukaka and Lorenz von Seidlein
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:131, 4 March 2021

Reactive malaria case detection involves the screening of those in contact with index cases and is used in countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-region. The yield of reactive case detection, defined here as the percentage of positive malaria cases among potential contacts who were screened, was assessed.

Comparative performance of PCR using DNA extracted from dried blood spots and whole blood samples for malaria diagnosis: a meta-analysis

March 4, 2021 - 11:20 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mahittikorn A, Masangkay FR, Kotepui KU, De Jesus Milanez G, Kotepui M
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2021 Mar 1;11(1):4845

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from dried blood spots (DBS) provides a fast, inexpensive, and convenient method for large-scale epidemiological studies. This study compared the performance of PCR between DNA extracted from DBS and DNA obtained from whole blood for detecting malarial parasites. Primary studies assessing the diagnostic performance of PCR using DNA extracted from DBS and whole blood for detecting malarial parasites were obtained from the ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed databases.

Randomized trials of housing interventions to prevent malaria and Aedes-transmitted diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

January 13, 2021 - 11:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kua KP, Lee SWH
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2021 Jan 8;16(1):e0244284

Mosquito-borne diseases remain a significant public health problem in tropical regions. Housing improvements such as screening of doors and windows may be effective in reducing disease transmission, but the impact remains unclear.

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