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Estimated Rates of Intermittent Preventive Treatment During Pregnancy for Malaria Based on Population-based Survey Responses: Reliability of Recall Among Women with Antenatal Care Cards

June 29, 2021 - 13:24 -- Open Access
Hansen N, Youll S, Florey L, Taylor C
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Jun 28:tpmd201296

Large household surveys performed to estimate coverage rates for various health interventions, including intermittent preventive treatment, depend on recall. Many studies question the validity of recalled data.

Prevalence and factors which influence early antenatal booking among women of reproductive age in Tanzania: An analysis of data from the 2015-16 Tanzania Demographic Health Survey and Malaria Indicators Survey

April 7, 2021 - 12:20 -- Open Access
Moshi FV
PLoS One. 2021 Apr 6;16(4):e0249337

Early initiation of the antenatal clinic is vital as it allows early detection, management, and prevention of problems that may occur during pregnancy time. The analysis aimed to determine the prevalence and factors which influence early antenatal booking among women of reproductive age in Tanzania.

NOT Open Access | Patterns and correlates of ownership and utilization of insecticide-treated bed-nets for malaria control among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Malawi

February 2, 2021 - 17:09 -- NOT Open Access
Forty J, Keetile M
J Biosoc Sci. 2021 Feb 2:1-10

Malaria is a major public health concern in Malawi. This study explored the patterns and correlates of ownership and utilization of ITNs for malaria control among women of reproductive age in Malawi. Data were derived from the multi-stage cross-sectional Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) conducted in 2017, which followed ITN distribution in 2012 and 2015. Of the 3860 sampled women aged 15-49 years, 88% (3398/3860) and 64% (2473/3860) reported that they owned and utilized ITNs, respectively. Adjusted multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the odds of ownership of ITNs were significantly low among women with no education (AOR = 0.36, CI = 0.18-0.72), those with primary education (AOR = 0.50, CI = 0.27-0.94) and poor women (AOR = 0.70, CI = 0.51-0.97).

Disparities in Risks of Malaria Associated with Climatic Variability among Women, Children and Elderly in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

December 23, 2020 - 09:12 -- Open Access
Emeto TI, Adegboye OA, Rumi RA, Khan MI, Adegboye M, Khan WA, Rahman M, Streatfield PK, Rahman KM
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Dec 17;17(24):E9469

Malaria occurrence in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh varies by season and year, but this pattern is not well characterized. The role of environmental conditions on the occurrence of this vector-borne parasitic disease in the region is not fully understood. We extracted information on malaria patients recorded in the Upazila (sub-district) Health Complex patient registers of Rajasthali in Rangamati district of Bangladesh from February 2000 to November 2009. Weather data for the study area and period were obtained from the Bangladesh Meteorological Department.

Use of long-lasting insecticidal nets among women attending antenatal clinic at a tertiary hospital in Bayelsa State, Nigeria 2019

December 16, 2020 - 09:20 -- Open Access
Maria Imaobong Ibegu, Khadeejah Liman Hamza, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Tamuno-Wari Numbere, Adolphe Ndoreraho and Tukur Dahiru
Malaria Journal 2020 19:455, 14 December 2020

Malaria in pregnancy remains a major contributor to maternal and infant morbidity and mortality despite scale up in interventions. Its prevention is one of the major interventions in reducing maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. The ownership, utilization and predictors of use of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) for malaria prevention among women attending antenatal clinic (ANC) at a tertiary hospital in Bayelsa State Nigeria was assessed.

Socioeconomic inequality in intermittent preventive treatment using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine among pregnant women in Nigeria

December 8, 2020 - 10:33 -- Open Access
Muhammad FM, Majdzadeh R, Nedjat S, Sajadi HS, Parsaeian M
BMC Public Health. 2020 Dec 4;20(1):1860

Intermittent preventive treatment using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) for malaria prevention is recommended for all pregnant women in malaria endemic areas. However, there is limited evidence on the level of socioeconomic inequality in IPTp-SP use among pregnant women in Nigeria. Thus, this study aimed to determine the level of socioeconomic inequality in IPTp-SP use among pregnant women in Nigeria and to decompose it into its contributing factors.

Malaria in children and women of childbearing age: infection prevalence, knowledge and use of malaria prevention tools in the province of Nyanga, Gabon

November 4, 2020 - 10:00 -- Open Access
Roméo Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Sydney Maghendji-Nzondo, Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki, et al.
Malaria Journal 2020 19:387, 2 November 2020

There is little information on the social perception of malaria and the use of preventative measures in Gabon, especially in rural areas. Adequate knowledge of malaria prevention and control can help in reducing the burden of malaria among vulnerable groups, particularly pregnant women and children under 5 years old living in malaria-endemic settings. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of malaria and the knowledge and attitude towards this disease in households in Nyanga Province.

Determinants for choice of home birth over health facility birth among women of reproductive age in Tanzania: an analysis of data from the 2015-16 Tanzania demographic and health survey and malaria indicator survey

September 29, 2020 - 13:10 -- Open Access
Moshi FV, Mbotwa CH
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020 Sep 24;20(1):561

While evidence has shown an association between place of birth and birth outcomes, factors contributing to the choice of home birth have not been adequately investigated in Tanzania while more than 30% of deliveries occur outside of health care facilities, and more than 95% of those deliveries are assisted by non-medical providers who are often unskilled. The use of unskilled birth attendants has been cited as a factor contributing to the high maternal and neonatal mortalities in low-resources countries. This study aimed to identify determinants of choice for home birth over health care facility birth in Tanzania.

Individual, community and region level predictors of insecticide-treated net use among women in Uganda: a multilevel analysis

September 16, 2020 - 12:59 -- Open Access
Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Yusuf Olushola Kareem and Sanni Yaya
Malaria Journal 2020 19:337, 16 September 2020

Use of insecticide-treated net (ITN) has been identified by the World Health Organization as an effective approach for malaria prevention. The government of Uganda has instituted measures to enhance ITN supply over the past decade, however, the country ranks third towards the global malaria burden. As a result, this study investigated how individual, community and region level factors affect ITN use among women of reproductive age in Uganda.

Safety of Artemisinin Derivatives in the First Trimester of Pregnancy: A Controversial Story

August 5, 2020 - 16:21 -- Open Access
D'Alessandro S, Menegola E, Parapini S, Taramelli D, Basilico N
Molecules. 2020 Jul 31;25(15):E3505

Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as first line treatment for uncomplicated malaria both in adults and children. During pregnancy, ACT is considered safe only in the second and third trimester, since animal studies have demonstrated that artemisinin derivatives can cause foetal death and congenital malformation within a narrow time window in early embryogenesis.


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