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The Gini coefficient as a useful measure of malaria inequality among populations

December 3, 2020 - 12:38 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jonathan Abeles and David J. Conway
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:444, 2 December 2020

Understanding inequality in infectious disease burden requires clear and unbiased indicators. The Gini coefficient, conventionally used as a macroeconomic descriptor of inequality, is potentially useful to quantify epidemiological heterogeneity. With a potential range from 0 (all populations equal) to 1 (populations having maximal differences), this coefficient is used here to show the extent and persistence of inequality of malaria infection burden at a wide variety of population levels.

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