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antenatal iron stores

The relationship between markers of antenatal iron stores and birth outcomes differs by malaria prevention regimen-a prospective cohort study

October 16, 2021 - 13:11 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Unger HW, Laurita Longo V, Bleicher A, Ome-Kaius M, Karl S, Simpson JA, Karahalios A, Aitken EH, Rogerson SJ
Reference: 
BMC Med. 2021 Oct 5;19(1):236

Iron deficiency (ID) has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, maternal anaemia, and altered susceptibility to infection. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), monthly treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine plus azithromycin (SPAZ) prevented low birthweight (LBW; <2500 g) through a combination of anti-malarial and non-malarial effects when compared to a single treatment with SP plus chloroquine (SPCQ) at first antenatal visit. We assessed the relationship between ID and adverse birth outcomes in women receiving SPAZ or SPCQ, and the mediating effects of malaria infection and haemoglobin levels during pregnancy.

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