Intensive malaria control may have additional benefits beyond reducing the incidence of symptomatic malaria. We compared antibiotic treatment of children before and after the implementation of highly effective malaria control interventions in Tororo, a historically high transmission area of Uganda.
Intraerythrocytic malaria parasites proliferate bounded by a parasitophorous vacuolar membrane (PVM). The PVM contains nutrient permeable channels (NPCs) conductive to small molecules, but their relevance for parasite growth for individual metabolites is largely untested. Here we show that growth-relevant levels of major carbon and energy sources pass through the NPCs.
Immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) is a well-established technique for protein separation and purification. IMAC has been previously utilized to capture the malaria biomarker histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2) from blood, enhancing the sensitivity of field-appropriate diagnostic tools such as lateral flow assays. However, little work has been done to translate this technique to a truly field-usable design. In this study, IMAC-functionalized cellulose membranes are created and characterized fully for future use in applied malaria diagnostics.
Malaria is a devastating disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. Emerging resistance against current antimalarial therapeutics has engendered the need to develop antimalarials with novel structural classes. We recently described the identification and initial optimization of the 2-anilino quinazoline antimalarial class. Here, we refine the physicochemical properties of this antimalarial class with the aim to improve aqueous solubility and metabolism and to reduce adverse promiscuity. We show the physicochemical properties of this class are intricately balanced with asexual parasite activity and human cell cytotoxicity.
Although we currently focus our efforts on the understanding, treatment, and control of SARS-CoV-2 infections, malaria remains a major public health problem.
A series of new quinazolinedione derivatives have been readily synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial growth inhibition activity. Most of the compounds inhibited P. falciparum FcB1 strain in the low to medium micromolar concentration.
Repeated Plasmodium falciparum infections drive the development of clinical immunity to malaria in humans; however, the immunological mechanisms that underpin this response are only partially understood. We investigated the impact of repeated P. falciparum infections on human γδ T cells in the context of natural infection in Malian children and adults, as well as serial controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) of U.S. adults, some of whom became clinically immune to malaria.
We report the evaluation and prediction of the pharmacokinetic (PK) performance of artemisinin (ART) cocrystal formulations, that is, 1:1 artemisinin/orcinol (ART-ORC) and 2:1 artemisinin/resorcinol (ART2-RES), using in vivo murine animal and physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models. The efficacy of the ART cocrystal formulations along with the parent drug ART was tested in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei.
Growing evidence from evolutionary biology demonstrates how early life shocks trigger physiological changes. We report the evaluation and prediction of the pharmacokinetic (PK) performance of artemisinin (ART) cocrystal formulations, that is, 1:1 artemisinin/orcinol (ART-ORC) and 2:1 artemisinin/resorcinol (ART2-RES), using in vivo murine animal and physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models.
Radiation-attenuated sporozoite (RAS) vaccination offers hope for global malaria control through induction of protective liver-stage-specific memory CD8 T cells. Effective RAS vaccination regimens exist; however, widespread implementation remains unfeasible. A key difficulty resides in the need to administer three or more doses i.v. to achieve sufficient immunity.